An attorney who under reported his income was liable for civil fraud penalties under Code Sec. 6663 for the two tax years at issue because the underpayments of tax for those years were attributable to fraud. The individual was a highly respected tax attorney with an accounting background. he failed to keep adequate books and records and failed to cooperate with tax authorities. However, the government failed to show a pattern of consistent underreporting sufficient to support a finding of fraud. Although the taxpayer had tax deficiencies in prior years, those deficiencies were based on inflated expenses rather than underreported income. Further, the taxpayer’s admission in a plea agreement to criminal tax evasion in a later tax year did not include an admission of tax evasion for either of the tax years at issue.
However, there was clear and convincing evidence that he was willfully blind to the unreported income. Despite the individual’s busy schedule and poor record-keeping, he should have known from his educational background and work experience that there was a high probability that he was failing to report substantial amounts of income, particularly because his expenses had increased significantly during the years at issue. Further, the individual deliberately avoided steps to confirm the possibility of unreported income. He had access to available records such as bank statements, bills and deposit slips, but he failed to check his records before accounting for his income and preparing his tax returns. Therefore, based largely on the individual’s willful blindness, the government met its burden of showing his fraudulent intent to evade taxes.
O.G. Fiore, TC Memo. 2013-21, Dec. 59,422(M)
Code Sec. 6663
CCH Reference – 2013FED ¶39,658.20
CCH Reference – 2013FED ¶39,658.475
CCH Reference – 2013FED ¶39,658.81
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CCH Reference – TRC PENALTY: 6,058